The Effect of Cognitive Behavior Therapy in Improving the Symptoms of Bulimia Nervosa among Athletes
Poster Presentation XML
Authors
1MSc student of Sport Psychology
2Core Research of Health Physiology and Physical Activity, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Science, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.
3MSc Student of Sport Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University
Abstract
Introduction: Cognitive behavioral therapy is the leading evidence-based treatment for a variety of disorders. Eating Disorders are Syndrom which are know with disorderliness in behavior and worry at regarding Body shape and weight, Represents a defect in many areas of life. Eating disorders are rapidly on the rise in athletes. Eating disorders can lead to death. The prevalence of sub-clinical and eating disorders is high among athletes, especially female athletes. The aim of present study is examining the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavior Therapy in improving the symptoms of bulimia nervosa of athletes.
Methodology: For this purpose, the research method was semi-experimental with pretest, post-test and a three month follow up. Eating disorder questionnaire was administered to 300 athletes in Endurance, aesthetic and prematch weight-based sports. 16 athletes (11 female, 5 Men) were diagnosed with bulimia nervosa and randomly assigned to two groups of experimental and control. Instrument tools were Eating Disorders Diagnostic Scale (EDDS), Structured Clinical Interview (SCID). The entire process was conducted under the supervision of an experienced Clinical psychologist. Data was analyzed using one way analysis of variance with the help of SPSS version 22.
Results: Results of this study provided strong support for the effect of Cognitive behavior therapy in improving the symptoms of bulimia nervosa among athletes. The results showed positive effects of Cognitive behavior therapy on bulimia nervosa. There were significant changes in eating pathology over the first eight sessions of treatment. Significant improvements were also seen in Athletes diet by the end of therapy.
Discussion: These findings demonstrate that Cognitive Behavior Therapy is an appropriate approach for eating disorders. Cognitive Behavior Therapy draws emphases on thoughts, beliefs, values, and the behaviors that sustain mental eating disorders.
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