The effects of functional training on balance and gait among educable mentally retarded adolescents
Poster Presentation XML
Authors
1onprofit Institute of Science and Technology Shams Tabriz
2Tabriz University
3Islamic Azad University Central Tehran
Abstract
Introduction: Mental retardation is a complex disability. People with intellectual disability generally less mobility compared to their peers without intellectual disabilities has been reported. Reported limitations in mobility of persons with intellectual disability is more due to the high prevalence of gait and balance problems in these individuals. Other studies suggest functional training improves balance and ability to gait and to reduce risk. Given the importance of this study, the effects of functional training on balance and gait among educable mentally retarded adolescents and the solution might be to increase balance and ability to gait.
Methodology: In quasi-experimental study 40 mentally retarded adolescents with IQs between 50 and 70 were randomly assigned to the experimental group and the control group with an average age of 15 ± 2.2 years with a mean age of 16.01 ± 2 split. Subjects' Berg performance balance Scale and the ability to gait with scale Tinetti before and after six weeks and at the end of the training period (12 weeks, three times a week) were measured. After securing the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Shapiro-Wilk test of normal distribution of data, independent t-test for the difference between the two experimental groups and one control group and the paired t-test (pre-test and post-test) at significance level(p ≤ 0.05)spss22 were analyzed with the software. .
Results: The independent t tests before the test results show no significant difference in balance and ability to walk between the experimental group and the control group there(p>0.05). However, significant differences in balance and ability to walk after testing the experimental group and the control group there(p=0.31). Also,the Paired t test results showed that the experimental group measured balance in the first six weeks after the training had a significant increase (p<0.001). The ability to gait (scale Tinetti) was also observed that 12 weeks is effective (p=0.43), so that the second six weeks, further enhancing Tinetti rating scale was compared with the first six weeks.
Discussion: The performance training can balance and Gait way to effectively improve mentally retarded adolescents and adolescents with intellectual disability have an important role in life.
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