Effect of selected exercise protocol on range of motion and joint position sense of upper quarter of body in nurses
Poster Presentation XML
2Assistant Professor, Department of Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, College of Physical Education, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
3Karaj Islamic Azad University
Introduction: Nursing job in hospital due to the nature of the work is one of the most important occupations in which work-related musculoskeletal disorders are highly prevalent. Regarding this issue, providing the appropriate training strategy to reduce the complications seems necessary. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 8 weeks selected training protocol on range of motion (ROM) and joint position sense (JPS) of upper quarter of body in Farabi hospital nurses.
Methodology: This study included 30 nurses with FHP(forward head posture) and US(uneven shoulder) and neck and shoulder pain. Participants randomly assigned into either a control (N=15) or experimental (N=15) group. In pretest ROM factors: (shoulder abduction, flexion, external and internal rotation, and neck flexion, extension, right and left side flexion) and JPS factors: (shoulder flexion in 50˚,90˚, 125 ˚ and shoulder external rotation in 45˚,80˚ and neck flexion, extension ,right and left rotation) were measured by Clinometer app and Cervico-cranial joint position error calculated with laser resource device. Experimental group practiced in 8 week training program(3session per week). While the control group did their daily activities. After that all the variables in both groups were measured again. Data were analyzed using SPSS 21 and t-test at the level of α=0.05.
Results: This study has shown that selected exercise in experimental group had a significant effect on improvement of neck and shoulder ROM and JPS (except for shoulder JPS in 125˚) in nurses. (p<0.05)
Discussion: Sport activities and special attention to corrective exercises with observance of scientific principles of practice prevent the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorders in neck and shoulder of nurses.