The relationship between leadership behavior and productivity of Physical education staff of universities in Tehran
Poster Presentation XML
Authors
11. Master's Degree, Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
21. Master's Degree, Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
3Associate Professor of Sport Management, Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
4Graduate Student, Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
Abstract
Introduction: One of the vital programs of any organization that directly relates to the achievement of organizational goals and performance is the promotion of human resource productivity. Productivity can be considered as the optimal utilization of the workforce, power, talent, and human resources skills of the organization. One of the factors that may affect the productivity of manpower is the kind of leadership behavior. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between leadership behavior and productivity of staff of physical education departments of state universities in Tehran.
Methodology: The statistical population of this descriptive-survey study was made up of all employees of physical education departments of public universities of Tehran (N =70). A sample of 60 employees were selected randomly from Tehran, Shahid Beheshti, Allameh Tabataba'i and Tarbiat Modares universities. The data collection tool was a demographic data form (age, gender, education, work experience, marriage), a researcher-made behavioral leadership questionnaire (based on the Kurt Levine model) (α = 0.705), and Hersati and Goldsmith's standard productivity questionnaire (1980) α = 0.836). In order to analyze the data, Spss / 24 software, descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation and percent), and inferential statistics (Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests, single sample T, Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate linear regression) were used.
Results: Among the components of leadership behavior, the highest average was related to the democratic style. Also, the results showed that there is a significant relationship between the two types of democratic (p = 0.487 / sig = 0.01) and open-minded (p = 0.491 / sig = 0.01). However, there was no significant relationship between the authoritarian style and the staff productivity (p = -0.116 / sig = 0.540). In addition, it was found that the variables of work experience, gender, age, education and marriage had the ability to predict 31.5 percent of the productivity variable.
Discussion: Overall, the results showed that the level of staff productivity is moderate. Regarding the relationship between democratic and free style with productivity, managers are recommended to use these two leadership styles to improve employee productivity. This means that increasing employee participation, polling and delegating some tasks and decisions to employees, can help improve staff productivity.
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