The effect of 12 weeks wrestling + specific warm-up program on FMS scores in cadet wrestlers
Poster Presentation XML
1Ms Student of Sport injuries and Corrective exercise, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
2Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
3دانشگاه گیلان
Introduction: Wrestling is one of the most popular sports in the world and it was one of the first sport disciplines to be included in the program of the ancient Olympic Games. Wrestling+ injury prevention program has been developed by UWW for wrestlers in 2015. This program consists of 3 parts and 14 exercises, and Core stabilization, shoulder and leg strength, and balance training are the base of Wrestling+ injury prevention program. Implementation of proper technique during all of the exercises is the most important point of the program. Functional Movement Screen (FMS) developed by Cook is a popular assessment for evaluating modifiable risk factors in athletes, and is a baseline assessment for fundamental movement capacity that challenge mobility, neuromuscular control, balance, and stability through 7 fundamental movement patterns. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of 12 weeks Wrestling+ specific warm-up program on Functional Movement Screen Scores in cadet wrestlers.
Methodology: The study population included all cadet wrestlers of Rasht city and 24 freestyle wrestlers were selected by the convenience sampling and divided into intervention (n=12, age=16.16±0.71 years, height=1.70±0.06 m, weight=68.50±3.19 kg and BMI=23.67±1.36 kg/m2) and control (n=12, age=16.41±0.79 years, height=1.71±0.04 m, weight=66.33±4.11 kg and BMI=22.65±1.75 kg/m2) groups. Intervention group performed Wrestling+ specific warm-up program for 12 weeks and three times a week and control group performed routine warm-up during the period of research. The FMS test developed by Cook was used in pre and post of the program. Two-way analysis of variance test, Bonferroni test and p-test were used for data analyze with preset alpha value of p<0.05.
Results: There was a significant increase in DS, HS, ILL, PU and total FMS scores and no significant difference in SM, ASLR, and RS scores in intervention group after implementation of 12 weeks wrestling+ specific warm-up program (p<0.05). Also, There was a significant decrease in the number of wrestlers at high risk in intervention group (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in any of the variables in the control group (p≥0.05).
Discussion: It seems that the wrestling+ specific warm-up program can improve the fundamental movement patterns and decrease noncontact injuries in cadet wrestlers. Wrestlers can do exercise with more precisely movement patterns which may avert following injuries. Therefore, it is recommended that wrestlers and coaches use of this new warm-up program before the specific training.