Effect of Interval Endurance Training with Hibiscus Sabdariffa on Leptin and Lipoproteins Profile in Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
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1ardakan universitiy
2ardakan university
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Introduction: Today, the beneficial and influential approaches to the functioning of the body tissues, doing physical activity with the consumption of herbs. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 12 weeks of interval endurance training with use of hibiscus sabdariffa on leptin, LDL and HDL in women with type 2 diabetes.
Methodology: The research method was semi-experimental, which was done in the field-laboratory with pre and post-test design with control group. A total of 60 people eligible bidders, were selected by simple random sampling and were randomly divided to 4 groups of 20 individuals including: G1, interval endurance training + hibiscus sabdariffa; G2, hibiscus sabdariffa; G3, interval endurance training + placebo and G4, control group. The exercise protocol was done for 12 weeks with three sessions a week. All pre and post-test measurements associated with anthropometric indices, body composition and blood biochemical done in identical conditions. Data were analyzed using statistical Shapiro analysis, Levin and two-way ANOVA at the significant level α= 0.05.
Results: The results showed that leptin changes was significant in interval endurance training + hibiscus sabdariffa (15.24 %; p=0.002) and interval endurance training+ placebo (12.56 %; p=0.014). Also, LDL changes was significant in group interval endurance training + hibiscus sabdariffa (4.12%; p=0.024) and interval endurance training+ placebo (2.32 %; p=0.041). However, the serum level HDL, despite the increase, was not significant in experimental groups (p>0.05).
Discussion: Based on the results,it can be stated that interval endurance training with use of hibiscus sabdariffa because of useful and effective significant changes in activity hormone leptin, LDL and non-significant increase in serum level HDL, can be used in training programs of diabetic women.