Do rule changes in Teenager's wushu-Sanda championship affect maxillofacial damage in Sanda players?
Poster Presentation XML
Authors
1student
2Associated professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences. Tabriz University
3School of Dentistry student , Tabriz University of Medical Science
4Postgraduate Student of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Tabriz university of Medical sciences
5PHD in exercise physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and sport sciences. Tabriz University
Abstract
Introduction: Despite advantages of martial arts, risks of injury, especially in competitive and championships are negligible. Wushu is one of the popular all over the world. This field'scompetition is held in three age-groups of adolescence, young adults and adults. In 2016, International Wushu Federation (IWUF) has made changes in adolescence Sanda Competitions rules to make it closer to adults rules. One of the most important among these changes was discontinuouspunch hits to head and face. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to study the head and face injuries before and after the rule changes.
Methodology: In the framework of a semi- experimental research, 128 teen boys (age:13.94±1.045 yrs, height: 159.02 ±7.77 cm, weight: 46.68 ± 7.72 kg, Body Mass Index: 13.88 ± 4.29 kg.m-2, body fat percentage: 8.76 ±4.49%) were selected among the Sanda players who were participated in Basij Sports Olympiad in Iran, and their personal information, anthropometric characteristics, and maxillofacial injuries were collected through interviews, observations, and measurements. The collected data were examined using paired T-test to determine the extent of injuries before and after new rules.
Results: The results demonstrated significant difference in epistaxis before and after the changes in rules (p < 0.001), increasing from 1.6% to 14.1% of total injuries.
Discussion: In conclusion, maxillofacial injuries increased after rule changes. Hence it is recommended more caution to be taken implementing new rule and extra safety issues and protective equipment such as protection of nose should be taken into considerationand especially facial defends to be put in athletes training schedules by coaches.
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