The role of physical activity in preventing mental disorders of female prisoners in Mashhad
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Authors
1Students of M.A. in sport management in international university of Imam Reza (pbuh) in Mashhad
2دانشگاه امام رضا
3associate proffessor
4دانشجوی دانشگاه امام رضا
Abstract
Introduction: Over the last twenty years, a great deal of concern was about psychology and physical therapy. On the other hand, exercise due to its positive mental and physical effects plays a valuable role in the rehabilitation and management of psychiatric patients. In addition, research has shown that exercise increases mental health, strengthens sense of worth, reduces anxiety and depression, and increases mental power. Considering the importance of mental health, this article addresses the role of physical activity in preventing the mental disorders of female prisoners in Mashhad.
Methodology: In this descriptive and analytical study, 50 women of prisoners were selected in Mashhad, which consisted of 25 athletes and 25 non-athlete groups based on legal permissions. The standard questionnaire was 28 questionnaires (Goldberg & Hiller, 1979), with questions of demographic characteristics. The data were analyzed by T and Friedman tests.
Results: The mean mental health score of non-athlete prisoners was 0.50 ± 2.05 and in athletes' prisons was 0.72 ± 1.82, and this difference was not significant and significantly was higher than athlete prisoners. In the subscales of the questionnaire, in all four subscales, the mean scores in non-athletes were higher. However, the differences between control and experimental groups were significant, only in the component of physical symptoms. There was also a severe mental disorder in 4% of non-athlete prisoners if none of the athlete prisoners had severe mental disorder. Also, 56% of non-athlete and 40% of athlete prisoners had mental disorders, but this difference was not statistically significant.
Discussion: The results of this study indicate that athlete prisoners have a higher mental health status than non-athlete prisoners. In this regard, it can be said that women prisoners are considered as one of the vulnerable groups of society, so that imprisonment can have significant psychological effects on them. Most female prisoners of abuse have a greater social disadvantage than a legal crime, and as a result of their mental health needs, they are often overlooked. So paying attention to spending time for women prisoners with an emphasis on sports activities can reduce the incidence of these disorders in the future.
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