The effect of axial training on blind women’s balance and coordination
Poster Presentation XML
1دانشگاه اراک
2دانشگاه تهران
Introduction: Because of the lack of vision, blind individuals have poor balance and coordination in comparison with their healthy peers. So, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of axial training on blind women’s balance and coordination.
Methodology: This study was semi experimental with a pretest–posttest design. The participants included blind women’s (aged 18 to 29) from the Society for the Blind in Arak city, who were randomly assigned to experimental (n=10) and control (n=10) groups. Flamingo test of static balance, Y balance test of dynamic balance and Tandem gait of coordination were used to measure the balance and movement coordination of the participants. The experimental group participated in an 8-week axial training program (tree days a week), while the control group did not participate in any organized training program. Both groups performed a pretest prior to the experimental period and performed a posttest two days after the experimental period. Shapiro –Wilk test was run to ensure the normality of the data and independent and paired t test were used to determine the in-group and intergroup differences between pre-test and post- test, at a significance level of 0.95 percent and the P≤0.05.
Results: The paired t test showed significant difference of static and dynamic balance and coordination of the experimental group (P≤0.05). While the static and dynamic balance and coordination data of the control group showed no significant difference between the experimental and the control groups (P≥0.05). However, on the post test, a between- group difference was found in the participants task scores (P≤0.05).
Discussion: The result showed that axial training can improve the balance and coordination of blind girls. So it seems that the use of this training in exercise and rehabilitation programs of these people can have considerable benefits for them.