The effect of endurance training on working memory and selective attention in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Poster Presentation XML
Authors
1faculty member of azad university of sabzevar
2Tehran University
Abstract
Introduction: Attention-hyperactivity disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by three main attributes of attention deficit / hyperactivity and impulsivity. Active memory deficits and selective attention in patients with ADHD are one of the main causes of this disease. Active memory is the system responsible for the task of accumulation and temporal information processing for a bunch of complex cognitive tasks. Selective attention is a process in which a person chooses and focuses on specific inputs and information.f MRI studies have shown that children suffering from ADHD experience significant reductions in brain blood flow in the areas of attention and active memory of the brain. Sports have been reported to activate blood flow and a continuous activity pattern in the hippocampus, thereby facilitating memory. So, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of endurance training on working memory and selective attention in children with (ADHD).
Methodology: The present study included all children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with an age range of 9-11 years old. Totally 24 children were selected through available sampling method and randomly assigned to two groups(n=12). The experimental group was trained for 8 weeks and 3 sessions per week on endurance training.The instruments used in this study were consent form, attendance checklist, Conner’s parent assessment questionnaire, computer cognitive homework of the Center for Brain Sciences and MRC, PCG, POLYGONS, and Spatial psan. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics, and Shapiro-Wilk test were used to check the normality of the data, Leven test for homogeneity analysis of variables and independent and dependent t tests were also used.
Results: The results showed that endurance training had a significant effect on improvement of cognitive functions in children with ADHD (p<0.05).
Discussion: The results of this study showed that endurance training had a positive effect on working memory and selective attention and improved hyperactivity.Finally, considering the above issues, we can conclude that the treatment of ADHD children's weaknesses is multifaceted, and besides drug therapy, psychotherapy, and cognitive empowerment, it can be used to complete the therapeutic package of exercise and endurance training.
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