Predicting psychological well-being based on spiritual intelligence and body composition of fat percentage in students
Poster Presentation XML
1کارشناس آموزشی گروه تربیت بدنی دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر، دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه خوارزمی تهران
2کارشناس امور ورزشی دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر
Introduction: Psychological well-being is a comprehensive concept related to living in a good or satisfactory condition. Indeed, psychological well-being is traced back to individual understanding of inter-coordination and the consequences of its function, and it may be considered as a constant and relatively stable measurement over the lifetime. On the other hand, psychologists have proposed spiritual intelligence as an important factor affecting mental health. Spiritual intelligence involves a range of abilities, capacities and spiritual resources enhancing adaptability and consequently individual’s mental health. Also, as better adaptability to environment requires a desirable mental balance and body composition may play a crucial role in individual’s mental balance. This study aimed to examine how spiritual intelligence and body composition could predict psychological well-being.
Methodology: Research design was correlational and statistical population consisted of all female students (N= 236) of Amir Kabir university of technology who were selected through multistage cluster sampling concerning Cochran formula. Spiritual intelligence survey, psychological well-being scale as well as caliper device for measuring fat percentage were administered. Multivariate regression and Pearson correlational coefficient were applied to analyze the data.
Results: According to the results, a positive and significant relationship was observed between psychological well-being and spiritual intelligence along with its elements, but psychological well-being had a negative and significant relationship with fat percentage. The analysis of regression results indicated that spiritual intelligence and fat percentage could predict students’ psychological well-being, whilst personal meaning making, transcendental consciousness, and expanded state of consciousness were able to predict psychological well-being as well.
Discussion: In defining these results, it can be said that spiritual intelligence encompasses behavioral and emotional adaptability contributing psychological health and well-being. Spiritual intelligence have adaptive function due to providing a framework for finding the sense of negative experiences such as sickness, emotional trauma and injury so that it can predict psychological well-being to a great extent.