Predicting psychological well-being based on spiritual intelligence and body composition of fat percentage in students
Poster Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1383-11THCONF
1کارشناس آموزشی گروه تربیت بدنی دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر، دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه خوارزمی تهران
2کارشناس امور ورزشی دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر
Introduction: Psychological well-being is a comprehensive concept related to living in a good or satisfactory condition. Indeed, psychological well-being is traced back to individual understanding of inter-coordination and the consequences of its function, and it may be considered as a constant and relatively stable measurement over the lifetime. On the other hand, psychologists have proposed spiritual intelligence as an important factor affecting mental health. Spiritual intelligence involves a range of abilities, capacities and spiritual resources enhancing adaptability and consequently individual’s mental health. Also, as better adaptability to environment requires a desirable mental balance and body composition may play a crucial role in individual’s mental balance. This study aimed to examine how spiritual intelligence and body composition could predict psychological well-being.
Methodology: Research design was correlational and statistical population consisted of all female students (N= 236) of Amir Kabir university of technology who were selected through multistage cluster sampling concerning Cochran formula. Spiritual intelligence survey, psychological well-being scale as well as caliper device for measuring fat percentage were administered. Multivariate regression and Pearson correlational coefficient were applied to analyze the data.
Results: According to the results, a positive and significant relationship was observed between psychological well-being and spiritual intelligence along with its elements, but psychological well-being had a negative and significant relationship with fat percentage. The analysis of regression results indicated that spiritual intelligence and fat percentage could predict students’ psychological well-being, whilst personal meaning making, transcendental consciousness, and expanded state of consciousness were able to predict psychological well-being as well.
Discussion: In defining these results, it can be said that spiritual intelligence encompasses behavioral and emotional adaptability contributing psychological health and well-being. Spiritual intelligence have adaptive function due to providing a framework for finding the sense of negative experiences such as sickness, emotional trauma and injury so that it can predict psychological well-being to a great extent.