The effect of 16 sessions of Spark's motion program with neurofeedback on the anxiety of autistic boy children
Poster Presentation XML
Authors
1Semnan University
2هیئت علمی
3student
4Msc.semnan university
Abstract
Introduction: Autism is a complex developmental disorder that has three diagnostic features, including disrupting social interactions, interruptions in expression communication and occurrence of cardiac behaviors. (Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 2000). Anxiety is the most common psychological problem of these people. Anxiety and stress are a biological response - hormonal to the socio-psychosocial environment, which is itself influenced by the hypothalamus-pituitary and increases the catecholamine hormones such as epinephrine, norepinephrine and cortisol (Fajardo at all,1992). Exercise not only reduces anxiety in these children, but as a useful non-therapeutic method, it can be used to reduce anxiety (Rezvankhah Golsefidi, Hashemi, 2015). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 16 sessions of Spark's motion program with neurofeedback on the anxiety of autistic boy children.
Methodology: 24 autistic children with an average age of 12-8 were randomly divided into four groups (Spark + neurofeedback training group, neurofeedback group, SPARC training group, control group). The exercises included eight weeks of training, two sessions per week. The Spark + neurofeedback training group received 45 minutes of neurofeedback and 45 minutes of Spark's motion program. The neurofeedback group daily received 45 minutes of neurofeedback and the SPARC exercise program group received 45 minutes of physical activity at Spark. The control group continued to live without any physical activity and receive neurofeedback. To test the hypothesis, we used the covariance analysis method. Spastic anxiety inventory was used to measure the anxiety of children with autism.
Results: Spark + neurofeedback, neurofeedback, and spark training group had a significant decrease in pretest compared to post-test (p<0.05). However, there was no change in the control group (p<0.05).
Discussion: Therefore, it can be concluded that simultaneous training of Spark and receiving neurofeedback will reduce the anxiety of autistic boy children.
Keywords
Subjects