Effect of synchronous and asynchronous wheelchair training on self-efficacy of persons with spinal cord injury
Poster Presentation XML
1Phd of motot behavior
2Master of Sport Pathology and corrective exercise
3phd stunent in motor behavior, Tehran university
Introduction: Identifying and strengthening variables in persons with disabilities, which increases their level of compatibility and personal effectiveness is one of the goals of various studies. Given that self-efficacy is one of the strong predictors of mental health and individuals with high self-efficacy are better adapted to life changes. Also, self-efficacy beliefs affect the selection of challenging goals, the amount of effort to perform tasks, the level of endurance and persistence in dealing with problems and the amount of stress tolerance. Therefore, it seems that enhancing self-efficacy is a great help for physically disabled people to increase their social adjustment and mental health. Regarding the lack of information on the effect of physical activity using wheelchairs on the psychological properties of persons with spinal cord, it is necessary to identify the best practices for improving their physical and mental states in the field of rehabilitation programs conducted with wheelchairs. Therefore, the present study aimed to compare the effect of two synchronous and asynchronous wheelchairs on self-efficacy of persons with spinal cord injury.
Methodology: The present study was a semi-experimental with pre-test and post-test design. Participants included 28 injured spinal cord (19 males and 9 females) who were divided into two groups (sync and asynchronous training) and trained for 3 months, 3 sessions per week and 45 minutes each session. Self-efficacy was evaluated using the exercise self-efficacy scale (ESES). Data analysis was performed using mixed ANOVA at a significant level of P<0.05.
Results: The results showed that synchronous and asynchronous wheelchair training significantly improved the self-efficacy of persons with spinal cord injury. Also, there was a significant difference between the two training groups, so that the asynchronous training group showed high self-efficacy.
Discussion: The findings were consistent with the results of studies by Annesi et al. (2008) and Cataldo et al. (2013). It seems that doing regular exercise exercises by reducing muscle weakness and improving body parts function causes a person to regain his lost confidence in doing routine tasks And successfully carrying out a behavior and continuity in its success, increases motivation and improves self-efficacy. According to the effect of wheelchairs on the self-efficacy of the person with spinal cord injury, it is suggested that programs and policies be introduced to maximize the physical activity of this group of people.