Investigation of Medicinal Plants Utilization among Athletes (Case Study: Kermanshah)
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Authors
1: M.Sc. Student, Faculty of Exercise Physiology and Sports Nutrition, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
2Assistant Professor, Faculty of Natural Resources & Environment, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran
3استاد یار دانشگاه رازی
4Assistant Professor, Faculty of Exercise Physiology and Sports Nutrition, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
5Former M.Sc. Student Faculty of Exercise Physiology and Sports Nutrition, Shahrood University Technology, Shahrood, Iran.
Abstract
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigation of medicinal plants utilization among Kermanshah athletes.
Methodology: The target population of this study was physical education student and sports association athletes of Kermanshah city. For this purpose Researcher-build questionnaire distributed between 215 athletes randomly (117 women and 98 men). The questionnaires were evaluated by the faculty members of the physical education and sport sciences. The Cronbach's alpha validation coefficient was 0.81. Data were analyzed by t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient and one-way ANOVA (p<0.05).
Results: The results show that the major sources of medicinal plants information for 51% of athletes is their family. The reasons for using medicinal plants was care and skin beauty (25 %), weight loss and prefer medicinal plants to chemical drugs (19%), treat a chronic condition (15%), muscle gain and treat sports injury (13%), personal interest (6%) and sexual purposes (3%), respectively. However, taking medicinal plants is prescribed only for 18% of athlete, while the use of medicinal plants has been effective for 63% of them.
Discussion: The Possible reasons for low using medicinal plants for muscle building of athletes are: 1) medicinal plants do not have immediate effects in comparison to chemical medicines and supplements. 2) The function of medicinal plants in order to muscle building has not yet identifying and there is no enough research has been carried out on this issue. 3) There is insufficient information about plants and their use in various fields of sport in the media, educational resources, etc. Even doctors do not provide enough explanations in this regard to the athletes. However, most athletes have confirmed the role of medicinal plants in their health.
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