Investigating the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Competitive Anxiety of Professional Handball Athletes
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Abstract
Introduction: This study aims at investigating the relationship between emotional intelligence and competitive anxiety of professional handball athletes in Fars province, this study in terms of method is descriptive - correlation. Understanding how anxiety affects sports performance requires an understanding of the nature of anxiety. Most neuroscientists agree that the effect of long-term anxiety on human cognition is detrimental. A little more contentious, but demonstrated in a few studies is that short-term anxiety also has a negative effect on performance.
Methodology: The sample included all handball athletes by the end of 2016 in Fars province, of which there are 114 athletes, due to the limited volume of all 114 members of the population were selected as the sample. To collect data from questionnaires of Petridis & Fordham (1996) emotional intelligence and Martens (1990) competitive anxiety were used. Finally, Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests, Spearman, Pearson correlation coefficient and multivariate regression using SPSS version 23 were analyzed.
Results: The results showed that there is a significant and inverse relationship between emotional intelligence and competitive anxiety of Handball athletes in Fars province. There is correlation between dimensions of emotional intelligence (self-awareness, social skills, controlling emotions and optimism) and competitive anxiety of Handball athletes in Fars province.
Discussion: According to results, the regression simultaneously showed that among the dimensions of emotional intelligence, social skills inversely predicts competitive anxiety of Fars Handball athletes and it has inverse role (p<0.05 and Beta=-0.184) and inhibition and understanding emotions inversely predicts competitive anxiety of handball athletes in Fars province and has inverse role (p<0.01 and Beta=-0.405).
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