The indexes of cardiovascular risk in inactive obese women following 12 weeks aerobic exercise
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1دانشگاه مراغه
Introduction: In recent years, changes in lifestyle have led to the new communities with various dimensions of health problems that are faced Overweight and obesity, as obesity is a health problem has been. The prevalence of obesity followed by related diseases, obesity has increased in the past two decades. With the increasing outbreak of obesity and its complications is become important to identify effective methods for reducing cardiovascular risk factors. The role of physical activity in a negative energy balance most research er shave focused on the reduction of the global epidemic of women in society. The purpose of the present study of cardiovascular risk indexes in obese inactive following the physical activity.
Methodology: 40 healthy women participated in this study and randomly assigned to both exercise (and 20 patients with an average age of 32 ± 2.41 years, BMI 34 ± 2.29 (kg/m2)) and control groups (n = 20 mean age, 32 ± 0.2 years, BMI 34.06 ± 3.29 (kg/m2)) respectively . Exercise program involved a 12-week training with intensity of 65-75% of maximum heart rate done five days per week. Serum levels of Lipid profiles includes: low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein (HDL-C), total cholesterol and triglycerides evaluated by photometry and anthropometric indices and body composition were measured in pre and prostrating times. Data analysis was done on P<0.05 using SPSS.
Results: Results showed that after 12 weeks of training, significant differences in levels of TG, TC, LDL-c, HDL-c, LDL / HDL, TC / HDL and between experiment and control groups were observed.
Discussion: The results of this study showed that regular physical activity reduces plasma levels of cardiovascular risk factors in obese women, this reduced can be effective in preventing cardiovascular disease.