Motor proficiency and body composition in intellectual disability with down syndrome
Poster Presentation XML
1university of guilan
2Faculty member
3Department of physical education and sport sciences, university of guilan, rasht, iran
Introduction: Down syndrome as a genetic disorder is one of the major causes of intellectual disability, which leads to delays in motor skill such as fine motors, gross motors, strength and visual-motor control. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between motor skill competence and body composition in children with Down syndrome.
Methodology: The statistical sample of this study included 61 students (girls: n = 31 ;boys: n = 30) with Down syndrome (age= 10.28 ± 2.6 years, height = 124.23 ± 11.55 cm , weight = 32.68 ± 10.42 kg and in the range of IQ of 55-75) that were selected non-randomly. The assessment of children's body composition using BMI, WC and WHR indices, and motor proficiency was evaluated through the Bruininks-Oseretsky test of motor Proficiency-Short Form, which included measures of gross motor skills and fine motor skills It is frequently used to test children’s motor abilities and has been validated against the full scale and consists of 14 tasks taken from the eight subtests with intercorrelations between 0.90 and 0.91. Analyses were conducted with the statistical software SPSS.20. For all statistical tests, significance was set at P < 0.05.
Results: There was a significant correlation between WHR with gross motor skill and total motor skill of boys (P≤0.05), but no significant correlation was found between motor skills with any of the body composition indices such as BMI and WC. Also, there was no significant difference in motor skills in boys and girls.
Discussion: Acquiring the necessary abilities in motor skills and their growth with different ratios are influenced by inheritance and environment. It seems that no significant result in this study is for Specific physical features of this group, Low levels of physical activity, Less interaction and no participation in group games than other children, so lack of experience in motor skills leads to Weakness in motor proficiency, and since gender differences in motor skills of pre-puberty are less reported, it is suggested enriching the environment of primary schools and choosing appropriate fine and gross motor activities to improve motor development and subsequently help to improve the quality of life of these children.