The effect of exercise on gross motor skills and adaptive behavior in children with high-functioning autism
Poster Presentation XML
Assistant Professor at Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran
Introduction: In children with autism, motor disorder has spread. These children often suffer from poor motor skills and adaptive behavior. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 8 weeks of spark-selected exercises on improving motor skills and adaptive abilities of high-functioning autistic children.
Methodology: Semi-experimental with a control group and experimental group with pretest-posttest design. For this purpose, 20 autistic children between the ages of 8 and 14 were selected from one of the Isfahan Autism Pediatric Centers, and then from all 20 sample subjects, a pre-test including Test of Gross Motor Development (including 6 tests of locomotor skills and 6 object control Skills Test), Vineland adaptive behaviors scale Then, 20 children were assigned to two peers in terms of age and IQ, and the children were randomly assigned into experimental and control groups. The experimental group received 8 weeks, 3 sessions per week and 60 minutes each exercise session Spark. During this period, the control group paid off its daily activities. After completing the exercises, all subjects were post test with identical conditions. And the results were recorded. The data were analyzed by SPSS software version 21. Using Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, the data were normalized and approved by the Levino homogeneity test. Took For analyzing the research hypotheses, covariance analysis was used.
Results: The selected motor group (experimental group) had a significant level of motor skills F(1 17)=326.1 and adaptive behavior F(1 17)=333.39 at a significant level (α = 0.001) than the control group.
Discussion: It can be claimed that performing selected exercises improves the skill of autistic children. Therefore, according to the results of this study, by designing a suitable training program and enriching the environment, it is possible to provide more effective training opportunities for the development of gross skills and adaptive behavior that underpins the specialist and social skills of these children.