The effect of speed stacking on visual perception and mental rotation in school girls 9-11 years
Poster Presentation XML
1Assistant Professor at Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran
21. M.A student of motor behavior in Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch
Introduction: So far, the influence of various factors on visual perception and ability of mental rotation has been investigated by researchers. Variables such as age, sexual differences, hormonal levels, exercise and physical activity, computer games and musical notes The research conducted in relation to Speed stacking game is more in the field of motor skills and its impact on perceptual and cognitive skills has been less studied. Since speed stacking interventions can facilitate the central processing and the perceptual-motor integration of children (Lee et al., 2011), therefore, it was necessary to examine the effect of this activity on the perception of vision and the mental rotation of girls aged 9 to 11 years old in this study.
Methodology: The method was semi-experimental research study. For this purpose, 30 female students with an average age of 10.5 years were selected from the 3rd, 4th and 5th grade of the elementary school through available sampling. Subjects were then matched based on age .the peer group was randomly assigned to experimental and control groups and then they were pre-test using Frostig Visual Perception test and mental rotation Test. The training intervention consisted of speed stacking in the 16 sessions for 4 weeks for four 45-minute sessions were conducted. For data analyzing, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for normality were used. Also for hypothesis testing the analysis of Covariate (ANCOVA) were used. Data analysis by software spss (version 22) and the level of significance was 0.05.
Results: The results showed that speed stacking training on variables visual perception F (1 27) = 18.64 and mental rotation F (1 27) = 22.61 has a significant impact (P=0.01).
Discussion: According to this study, sport stacking can be used to promote visual perception and mental rotation of elementary school children, in physical education programs and kindergartens program and rehabilitation centers for children. Obviously, to accomplish this first of all, it is necessary to teachers and coaches of children, implementation and practice this game,be taught.