The comparison of collective efficacy and emotional intelligence among healthy and disabled athletes
Poster Presentation XML
1University of Tabriz
2دانشگاه تبریز
Introduction: In team sports, team efficacy and control of emotions are an important factor in success. Also Collective efficacy is one of the branches of sport psychology that in time of coordination and integration is being shared as a required response. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate of relationship between team efficacy and emotional intelligence among healthy and disabled athletes.
Methodology: The research method was causal-comparative. For this purpose, 41 male disable athlete (ages 22-55) and 43 male healthy athlete (ages 16-52) from Paralympic of Tabriz had been selected by cluster sampling method. This is a comparative research and the population includes healthy and disabled athletes of basketball, volleyball, football and futsal teams of Tabriz. 41 disabled athletes and 43 healthy athletes were selected as samples. Instruments for measuring includes Schutte Self-Report Emotional Intelligence Test (SSEIT) (Salovey and Mayer, 1990) and Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports (CEQS) was used to assess perceived team collective efficacy with five factor. This 20-item questionnaire developed and validated by Short, Sullivan, and Feltz (2005). Data were analyzed by SPSS software using Colmogroph-Smirnov, multivariate analyze of variance (MANOVA) significant level of p<0.05.
Results: The results showed significant difference between total of sport emotion and total of collective efficacy among of healthy and disable athletes (F(2,81)= 3.29, p<0.042). Further analysis showed significant differences only in factor of managing self- relevant emotions from emotional intelligence between healthy and disabled athletes (F(1,82)= 8.12, p<0.006). However, according score of mean, disable athletes have score of mean more than healthy athletes.
Discussion: Results suggested that coach for healthy athletes must use from mental training for management of emotion.