The effect of the duration of the contract on maintaining the internal and external motivation of athletes in elite sports
Poster Presentation XML
1Member of scientific council of Razi University
2دانشجو کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه رازی
Players' motivation is a factor directly affecting their athletic performance. Although it is not possible to directly influence and motivate athletes, it is possible to intervene with tools to motivate them. Research has shown that the overall benefit of sport clubs in terms of outcomes is overshadowed by long-term contracts, so it is suggested that considerations be taken into account when contracting. For example, recent research has shown that the duration of the contract can affect the motivation of the players. For example, research studies conducted on professional basketball athletes have shown that athletes will have better performance if they conclude a one-year contract with the team, but the performance of athletes whose contracts are longer with them are weaker. Also, it has been shown that the performance of players in the season before the conclusion of the new contract, reaches its highest level. Though external factors, other than wages (such as spectator expectations, media, desire to be a star etc.) affect the performance of professional athletes, this study focuses specifically on the performance of athletes over the years of their contract, since Money is an exogenous motivational factor and its data is readily available. When a long-term contract is concluded with athletes, their level of motivation may be affected; therefore, it is better to stipulate the clauses of the contract in such a way as to preserve the intrinsic motivation of the athlete throughout the duration of the contract. In this paper, we seek to provide a model for determining the optimal duration of the contract, which, as an external motivator, maintains the internal motivation of the players and thus provides the best performance of their sports