A comparative study of wrestling in epic and contemporary literature (A Case Study of Ferdowsi' Shahnameh and Homer's Iliad)
Poster Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1558-11THCONF
1modiriate dakheliye sheerkate sazehgar shiraz
2Jahrom university
Introduction: Epics are a reflection of the desire of nations that are transmitted between generations and occasionally recorded in the form of epic literature with the help of the knowledge of great people. In fact, the epic literature is the statue of the amazing past of mankind. Exercise in epic literature is one of the Specification and characteristics of every human being and it is recommended instead of epic works such as Shahnameh and Iliad. It is so prominent to say that man without power in epic literature is meaningless in this kind of literature. Most of the epic literature wars are face to face. Among the 93 images of Shahnameh, the overwhelming majority of the views are on the issue of face to face contents. Among about 41 images, Rustam is seen in fairs or wars, as well as wrestling with rivals, animals and an imaginary being. However, now this meaning has changed a lot, and its current meaning in the minds of the public is prevails over its epic form. Therefore, the purpose of this study was comparative study of wrestling in epic literature and contemporary literature in both Iran and Greece.
Methodology: The present study is a descriptive-analytic method of library studies. The community consisted of two popular epics, including Ferdowsi's Shahnameh and Homer's Iliad as primary sources and articles, books, or related documents as secondary sources. The data gathering tools for this study included check boxes and researcher checklists. In analyzing data, content analysis method was used based on the Greteton and Gonz (2004) protocol, which included identifying resources (texts and documents), identifying useful information, identifying classes, encoding and inserting content in classes, and analyzing data.
Results: The findings showed that the notion of wrestling in epic literatureis is different of contemporary wrestling in some of the variables such as goals, philosophy, time, place, rules, clothing, and judgment. Also, in some variables such as formalities, displays, emotions, and physical factors, they are similar.
Discussion: The findings of this research provided a clear and distinct mentality of the wrestling in two different historical periods with different literature. At the end, it is suggested that studies have to be conducted in various sports fields and historical backgrounds, in order to get a better understanding of the nature of these sports in each period, while familiarizing with the philosophy and literature of each sport to be born.