The effects of perturbation exercises with cognitive task on balance old female aged 60-80
Poster Presentation XML
Introduction: Most of the old female experience many problems while performing their daily activities that require balance control. The reduction of balance control are attributed to age and pathological changes in the spatial and temporal parameters associated with the centers of gravity movement at the reliance area. Balance control is the result of interaction and complex communicating between the atrial,visual and sensory systems and disruption in any of these systems due to age leads to imbalance. Cognitive factors such as limited capacity of attention can play a role in decreasing the elderly's balance.The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of perturbation exercises with cognitive task in old female aged 60-80.
Methodology: In this semi-experimental study, 20 elderly women were selected through sampling from Marivan city. Subjects based on pre-test were divided into experiment and control groups purposefully. using the Modified Romberg Balance Test for balance. Experimental groups carried out perturbation exercises with cognitive task. The duration of exercise program was 6 weeks, 3 sessions per week and each session last 30 minutes. The control group just carried out their daily activities as well. After 18 sessions of practice, post-test was done and the data were analyzed. for test the hypotheses, t-test were used (SPSS18 software).
Results: The results showed a significant difference between experimental and control groups. Perturbation exercises with a cognitive task had a significant effect on balance (p <0.05).
Discussion: Considering that during the elderly period due to the dystrophy of neuromuscular systems, psychological factors, lifestyle and other factors, a decrease in balance occurs, that by exercising we can prevent from reduce this performance. The potential reasons for increasing the balance through perturbation exercises include increasing the strength of the lower limbs after participating in the training program, facilitating the rapid contraction in the limb movement, and increasing muscle adjustment against pressure on the musculoskeletal system.