The Epidemiology of Injuries in RowingØ› with Emphasis on Gender
Poster Presentation XML
Authors
1MS Student, Department of Health and sports rehabilitation,School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, shahid beheshti University , Tehran, Iran
2Phd Student, Department of Health and sports rehabilitation,School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences,University of tehran , Tehran, Iran
3MS Student, Department of Health and sports rehabilitation,School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences,University of tehran , Tehran, Iran
Abstract
Introduction: Rowing can predispose the rower to various musculoskeletal injuries. However, so far the vast majority of epidemiologic researches have been on the other water sports such as Kayaking or Dragon Boat field, plus they were typically limited in only one gender. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of Rowing injuries among men and women.
Methodology: The study method is descriptive-survey and retrospective. The subjects were 83 rowers (39 females and 44 males) with a mean age of 22±4.2 years ,the height of 183±1.7 cm and the weight of 81±9.3 kg, and also with a history of at least two years of regular training in rowing. Information were collected by the injury report form. The injury report form consists of three parts, including personal information (Demographic information), injury guidelines and the way to complete the form, as well as the information about the injury (location, type, cause and severity of injury). Data were analyzed by Chi-Squre statistical test and SPSS software version20.
Results: The results show that 86% of the women and 71% of men had at least once experienced an injury during their sport life, which refers to a significant difference in the prevalence of injury between the two sexes. from the all injuries recorded in women, 55% of them occurred in upper limbs, 25% in trunk and 20% were in lower limbs. While in men, 47% of injuries occurred in upper limbs, 26% in trunk and 27% in lower limbs. This numbers shows a significant difference between the area injured in tow sexes. There was no significant difference in the type and cause of injury between the two sexes. The most common cause of injury in both sexes is performing repetitive and high pressure exercises and lack of attention to proper warming up and cooling down. The severity of injury in women was mostly moderate, while in men they were mild.
Discussion: The results of the study indicate Rowing is a high injury risk field of sport, Especially in women because of their physiological and anatomical characteristics. Therefore, in order to prevent the incidence of injuries in Rowing, it is recommended to increase the fitness level, especially in woman, to pay attention to proper warming up before exercise and to increase adaption of the athletes to the environmental conditions of this sport, as well as the use of standard equipment.
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