Normative Data for the Functional Movement Screening in Blind and Low Vision Female Athletes
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Authors
1MSc in Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Islamic Azad University Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran.
2Department of Sport Injuries and Corrective Exercises, Sports Medicine Research Center, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.
3Department of Exercise Physiology, Sports Medicine Research Center, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract
Introduction: The aim of this study was to provide a Functional Movement Screening (FMSTM) test for blind and low visibility female athletes.
Methodology: To do this, 73 blind and low visibility female athletes as was selected (B1=29, B2=34, B3=10). In order to evaluate individual characteristic, height, body mass, and BMI were used. Tests including deep squat, hurdle step, in-line lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight leg raise, trunk stability push-up, and rotary stability was used to evaluate FMSTM.
Results: The finding of study showed: the mean and standard deviation score of the FMS total in blind and low visibility female athletes were in B1:11.79 ±2.11, B2:12.5± 2.92 and B3:13.10 ± 2.76. The mean and standard deviation of the deep squats test score of blind and low visibility female athletes were in B1:1.45 ± 0.63, B2:1.41± 0.55 and B3:1.50 ± 0.70. The mean and standard deviation score of hurdle step test in blind and low visibility female athletes were in B1:1.52 ± 0.50, B2:1.79± 0.64 and B3:1.80 ± 0.42. The mean and standard deviation score of in-line lunge test in blind and low visibility female athletes were in B1:1.14 ± 0.44, B2:1.53± 0.66 and B3:1.60 ± 0.84. The mean and standard deviation score of shoulder mobility test in blind and low visibility female athletes were in B1:2.45 ± 0.73, B2:2.41± 0.70 and B3:2.30 ± 0.67. The mean and standard deviation score of active straight leg raise test in blind and low visibility female athletes were in B1:2.21 ± 0.74, B2:1.94± 0.81 and B3:2.30 ± 0.82. The mean and standard deviation score of the trunk stability push-up test in blind and low visibility female athletes were in B1:1.83 ± 0.96, B2:2.06± 0.77 and B3:2.30 ± 0.67. The mean and standard deviation score of rotary stability test in blind and low visibility female athletes were in B1:1.21 ± 0.41, B2:1.35± 0.48 and B3:1.30 ± 0.48.
Discussion: According to the results, it can be stated that by decreasing the visibility, the FMS norm also decreases, so that the absolute blind group got the lowest score. Therefore, in order to prevent injury, promote physical health and individual independence, it is necessary to correct and improve the functional movements of blind and low visibility female athletes.
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