Effect of observing the good and bad trials of learning model on observational learning of basketball dribbling skill
Poster Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1624-11THCONF
Authors
1Department of Motor Behavior Faculty of Physical Education & Sport Sciences Kharazmi University Tehran, Iran
2Ph.D student at Azad UniversityŁˆ branch of Khorasgan
3kharazmi tehran
Abstract
Introduction: In the learning of a complex motor skill, attention and retention are the key elements of the observational modeling that contribute to successful performance of the action in accordance with the skilled model. Therefore, the use of methods that can draw attention to the pattern of skill are of great importance. In this regard, one of the methods is to increase the saliancy of the model from the observer's perspective through the manipulation of the perceived task difficulty. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of prior experience on observational learning of basketball dribbling skill.
Methodology: 30 female students aged 10-9 years were randomly assigned into three groups of good trials (GT), bad trilas (BT), and verbal explanation (VE) according to the type of experience before observing the skilled model. The task included the basketball ball dribbling across obstacles. The acquisition phase consisted of three separate sessions. In the first of each session and before observing the skilled model, the GT group observed five successful trials of learning model, the BT group observed five unsuccessful trials of learning model, and the VE group paid attention to the trainer's educational explanations. After observation, each group completed the task in two blocks of 20 trials. To assessment the dribbling skills of participants during the acquisition and retention phase, the Slalom-Dribble-Test was used.
Results: The results showed that, in the end of acquisition phase, the BT group was better than the other two groups (P<0.05). In the retention period, these results were repeated and the BT group had better performance time than the other two groups (P<0.05).
Discussion: In general, observing others' failures before looking at the skilled model has optimized the effects of the model, which can be due to the role of the mechanisms of attention. This result is in accordance with Bandura's view (1997), with the content that the vicarious experiences of task have the best effect, which their implementation is difficult to do with the help of the coach.
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