The Effect of 8 Weeks Swim Training on Dynamic Balance in Blind Males
Oral Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1640-11THCONF
1Department of Exercise Physiology, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh, Iran
2دبیر تربیت بدنی آموزش و پرورش مرودشت
Introduction: Those people that deprived of eyesight are faced with many problems for physical activity due to fear of Lack of balance recovery. Since, the balance is an inseparable part of physical activity, lack of balance can be induced future disability, physical disorders or death. Based on 25-37 million blind population and 430000 people of our country and importance of the visual system as one of the three equilibrium sensations, this study aimed to determine the effect of swim training on dynamic balance of blind and sighted males.
Methodology: For this purpose, twenty four sedentary blind males ( 21 ± 4.3 years ) participated in this semi-experimental study and were randomly divided into experimental ( n = 12 ) and control ( n = 12 ) groups. The experimental subject were completed an aerobic swimming program for eight weeks ( 3 time / week ) and control group remained without training. T.G.U.G.T test used to determine dynamic balance before and after swim training program. Data were analyzed by independent and paired T test in SPSS Software (SPSS 16.0, free evaluation version).
Results: Based on statistical analysis, exercise training induced significant decrease in body weigh in blind group (p = 0.011). Intra-group changes showed that 8 weeks swim training improved dynamic balance in blind subjects ( p = 0.003 ) but this variable remained no change in control subjects ( p = 0.323 ).
Discussion: Based on this data, it is concluded that swim training can be improve dynamic balance in blind males.