Identifying the Cause of Corruption in Iranian football Industry with a Qualitative Approach
Oral Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1663-11THCONF
Allameh Tabataba'i University
Introduction: According to the globalization of sport industry, it has become a process that it made huge incomes for shareholders, sponsors, government officials (politicians) and athletes.
Methodology: The method of current research was qualitative and grounded theory that collecting data were carried out using library studies as well as profound and semi structured interview with experts. The statistical population of this research consisted of all the experts of three scientific, administrative and sports fields that these individuals were experts and authorities of football fields (including referees, players, faculty members of university, coaches and media representatives) and club and football federation managers and the ministry of sports. The researcher used the purposeful sampling method and snowball sampling which it was a non-inferential sampling method. Therefore the sampling was continued until the new information was the same as the previous information (theoretical saturation). This research was reached to theoretical saturation after 18 interviews with 17 researcher individuals (interviewed twice with one sample). The research findings were analyzed through coding process in three levels: open, axial and selective.
Results: The research findings showed that a total of 48 effective factors in the form of 13 sub categories (components), the appointment of managers, lack of meritocracy, lack of managers stability, lack of transparency and accountability, incomprehensibility, lack of planning, non-standardization, lack of specialization, authoritarian management style in decisions, financial ambiguities, lack of mastery and responsibility and in a general category (concept) were classified as a management principle.
Discussion: Overall, the results of this qualitative research indicated that politicians regard football as a hobby not an industry, therefore the specialist and key sports that made up the field of decision-making and planning in the national and international levels are left to those who are not in possession, it has practical, scientific, managerial and capacious capacities commensurate with its responsibilities. There is no doubt that the magnitude and source of corruption began from that point, and it can be said that a large and considerable part of the spread of corruption in the Iranian football industry is due to the inability of managers who are not proficient in the football environment and the scope of responsibility in charge. It seems that the purely ethical, ideological, emotional, ethnic and affective-based relationship of administrative health in the football industry is in serious danger, which requires serious consideration of the sovereignty and policy makers.