Metabolic syndrome and physical activity in postmenopausal women
Poster Presentation XML
2Department of Sport Physiology university of Gilan
3Department of Exercise Physiology, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran,
Introduction: Menopause is associated with complications of metabolic syndrome who the perform regular physical activity is one way to deal with it. In this study, insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and uric acid in postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome were assessed at different levels of physical activity.
Methodology: In this cross-sectional evaluation among postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome (according to the WHO) living in Rasht city, 30 people participated. Activity level was assessed with the international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ). On the collected data from this questionnaire, the subjects were divided into 3 groups. Active: physical activity at least 3 days or more than 2 hours per week and metabolic equivalent (MET) values higher than 3000 per week, Semi active: physical activity less than 3 days per week and the amount of MET 600 - 3000; Inactive: physical activity MET levels less than 600 per week. Insulin resistance was compared with homeostatic model assessment (HOMA), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) with hemolysate preparation, uric acid by TOOS method, and body composition between the three groups.
Results: HOMA-IR (p<0.021) in the active and semi active towards inactive people and those active in HbA1c (p<0.045) values were significantly lower than the other two groups. Also, WHR (p<0.05), BMI (p<0.05) and blood sugar (p<0.05) were lower in active in comparison to inactive women (p<0.05).
Discussion: Results show that with increasing levels of physical activity in postmenopausal women, reduced metabolic risk factors. So choose an active lifestyle is very important especially for menopausal women.