The relation between incident of injury with fitness and motor performance in teenagers
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Abstract
Introduction: In the world there are millions of youth who participate in sport. There is also a high amount of musculoskeletal related injury in sport and exercise, accompanied in medical cost, Un fortunately. The development and progress of functional motor competence and health-related fitness (HRF) is important as these two constructs are related to wellness, health, performance, and injury in youth sport. It is assumed that children develop and progress their movement ability and physical fitness as they age, however recent evidence suggests that youth functional motor competence and health-related fitness decrease across childhood. A testing of functional motor competence gaining popularity among health and strength and conditioning function, is the Functional Movement Screen (FMS). The FMS has been found as a screening tool to evaluate individuals at risk from dysfunctional movement. The evaluation and modification of risk factors and mechanisms for injury incidence in youth sport is critical to aid in the reduction of injury. Therefore, this study was conducted.
Methodology: At first should evaluated the mean and distribution of the FMS in youth (age11-18), and if there was a composite FMS score which was predictive of increased injury risk.
Results: Results indicated that youth sport participants have a mean composite FMS score of 12.89 +2.96, depict that these individuals demonstrated some level of dysfunctional movement. There were two composite FMS scores which were predictive of increased risk of injury (FMS<14, <15), however when adjusting for sport, there were no significant composite FMS scores that were predictive of increased risk of injury. Then evaluated the HRF of youth sport participants (age 11-18), and provided a comparison between Canadian Youth normative data and youth in sport.
Discussion: The results revealed that HRF in youth sport participants needs improvement, and that on several measures of HRF there were no differences between the Canadian youth normative data and youth in sport. Furthermore, this study emphasis on evaluate and address HRF in youth as these measures may related to future health, sport performance, and risk of injury.
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