Comparison of cognitive performance and working memory in active and passive female elderly
Poster Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1715-11THCONF
1Azad univercity
2Azad Univercity
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare the functional and cognitive functions of working life in active and inactive elderly women.
Methodology: For this purpose, 32 active and inactive elderly women were selected. The research method is causal-comparative. In the present study, the elderly, who had regular physical activity at least three days a week, were considered to be disabled as active and those with no regular physical activity. N-back and Wechsler test sets were used to evaluate the cognitive functions and working memory of the elderly and collect data. The researcher first aimed at identifying and selecting samples based on the age and level of activity and participation in the classes of physical fitness. After selecting the subjects and registering their personal information, they were divided into active and inactive groups. Then, the method of continuous observation, executive, cognitive, and work memory tests of the subjects was explained and the tests were performed respectively, and then the performance of individuals was recorded in the forms and statistical analysis was applied to them. Kolmogrov-Smirnov test and independent t-test were used to analyze the data and test the hypotheses. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS and Excel software. The significance level of all hypotheses is considered to be less than 0.05.
Results: The results showed that there is a significant difference between the mean scores of executive-cognitive functions (and components) of active and inactive elderly women, so that the active aged women had better performance. Also, the results showed that women working in working memory had better performance.
Discussion: Finally, the findings support the effectiveness of exercise and physical activity on improving the performance-cognitive function and working memory of the elderly.