The Relationship between Social Adjustment and Social Skills with Sports Participation in the Blind and Partially Sighted
Oral Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1718-11THCONF
1Faculty of physical education and sport sciences, Islamic Azad University, south Tehran branch
2Islamic Azad University, South Tehran branch
Introduction: The overall aim of this study was to determine the relationship between social adjustment and social skills with the participation of sport blind and partially sighted.
Methodology: The present research is a descriptive-correlation study and is considered as an applied research in terms of its purpose. The data of this research are field-based and collected using a questionnaire. The statistical population of this study was made up of all the blind and sighted sportsmen of Tehran, with a population of 500. A sample of 217 people was selected based on Morgan's table and was selected randomly. In this research, the social skills questionnaire of Indberitzer and Foster (1992), Social Adaptation Bell (1961) and the athletic participation motivation (Gill et al., 1983) were used. Descriptive statistics, descriptive statistics, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Pearson correlation coefficient and simultaneous regression were used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that there is not a significant relationship (r=0.061, p=0.385) between social compatibility with sport participation motivation and blindness. However, there was a significant positive correlation (r= 0.228, p= 0.001) between social skills with the motivation of sport participation in blind and partially sighted people. Also, the results of regression analysis showed that social skills are a significant predictor of sports participation motivation.
Discussion: Because participation in sport creates situations in these individuals, in which social behavior is practiced through two-person and group tasks, therefore, it is suggested that the families and officials of the sports of the blind make their sports plans a part of their daily plans to improve the social skills of blind and partially sighted people.