The Effect of Ego-Depletion on Reaction Time, Routine Exercise, and Arousal of Elite Iranian Swimmers
Oral Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1724-11THCONF
1Allame tabatabei University
2Faculty of sport science and physical education, motor Behavior group, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
3دانشیار دانشگاه تهران گروه روانشناسی ورزشی.
Introduction: The purpose of the present study is to examine the effects of ego depletion on arousal, reaction time and Routine Exercise of elite Iranian swimmers.
Methodology: The present study is semi-experimental. The sample comprised elite swimmers invited to the national swimming team as focused and semi focused (36 subjects). The research design was as pre- and post-test—in two phases of ego depletion conditions and the lack of ego depletion conditions in two experimental and control groups of 18 subjects. The arousal was measured by a biofeedback device, and reaction time was measured by Sina Reaction Time software, and routine exercise was measured by maximum sit up attempts in 60 seconds. Stroop test was conducted in order to create ego depletion conditions. To analyse the data, KS was used in order to measure normality, Levene’s test was used to examine homogeneity of variances, and one-way covariance analysis test was conducted.
Results: The results showed that ego depletion had no effect on the arousal of elite swimmers (p>0.05), but had a significant effect on reaction time and routine exercises of elite swimmers (p<0.05). In other words, the results showed that depletion of strength sources of self-control had no effect on elite swimmers’ arousal.
Discussion: The findings based on the theory of community facilities and the self-control model showed that arousal is actually an accelerator and moderator of using self-control sources; it is not a factor using self-control sources and, also, ego depletion is not involved in arousal changes but adversely effect on reaction time and routine exercises. In other words self-control and self-regulation are as resources of body tasks and cognitive tasks performance.