Comparison of Knowledge, Attitude and performance about Elder Healthy Lifestyle in the Active Elderly and Inactive
Poster Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1783-11THCONF
1Department of Physical Education, Payame Noor University
2Sports teacher, Ministry of Education.
Introduction: Elderly is a global phenomenon and will be the most prominent challenge for countries. It has been estimated that Iranian elder population would increase up to 25% in 2050. That means in the future, Iran would be an old country. Elderly lifestyle should pay attention to different sides of social, economical, welfare and incursion. Previous internal researches disclosed that the social condition of elders was low, although there were some improvements. In another research, the condition of elders' knowledge was in the middle level and their attitude and performance were reported well. One of the most important things in comparison of the social condition of Iranian elders and Swedish, was the low level of physical activity among Iranian people, moreover many researches focus on the influence of the role of exercise on the quality of life. This research has paid attention to the comparison of elders' knowledge, attitude and performance about healthy lifestyle in the old age of elder people who regularly take part in daily exercise (active elder) and inactive elder in Isfahan city.
Methodology: The method of research was descriptive study. In our research, 470 elders (240 active and 230 inactive) take apart in research voluntarily. Active person was someone who takes part in physical activities in one of the parks in Isfahan city for at least one year which consists of three times a week and each time one hour and inactive doesn't do sport at all. This research was done with WHO questionnaire (consist of 14 questions for knowledge, 7 questions for attitude and 10 questions for performance). Descriptive Statistics and ANOVA were two used methods in this analysis.
Results: In this study, 52% of participants were men and rests of them were women. Average age was 72±2.32. All data were normal. In generally, the levels of knowledge, attitude and performance of participants were in a favor level and a significant difference was seen between two groups of actives and inactive.
Discussion: Active elders' attitude and performance may be because of the sense of membership in social societies and improvement of social relation and it has developed the quality of life. Considering the positive effects of exercise, it is suggested that in the developing program of health of society should take consideration about improvement of doing exercise specifically among elders.