The Relation Between Emotion Regulation Strategies with Sport Anxiety Factors in Youth Athletes
Oral Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1797-11THCONF
1گروه روان شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد کرج، ایران.
2گروه روانشناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.
3دکترای تخصصی سنجش و اندازه گیری، دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.
Introduction: The aim of this research was studying the relation of emotion regulation strategies with sport anxiety factors in youth athletes. As mental preparation plays a key role in athletes' success and emotion regulation and anxiety are those factors that included in mental preparation, it seems necessary to pay attention to their relationship in youth athletes to make successor mental interventions based on them.
Methodology: 212 male and female youth athletes in the range of 13-18 years old were selected by using convenience sampling method from different sports in Tehran province. Athletes who participated in this study were from team sports, such as volleyball, basketball and badminton, and individual sports, such as judo and wushu. Emotion regulation questionnaire (ERQ) and sport anxiety scale (SAS) were used for collecting data. Pearson correlation was used for analysis the correlation between emotion regulation strategies (reappraisal and suppression) with sport anxiety factors (somatic anxiety, worry and concentration disruption).
Results: Results illustrated that reappraisal had positive and significant correlation with sport anxiety factors (P ≤ 0.01), but suppression had negative and significant correlation with components of sport anxiety (P ≤ 0.01).
Discussion: The results of this study show athletes who use reappraisal strategy of emotion regulation, experience low level of sport anxiety in their career. On the other hand, those athletes who use suppression strategy, may encounter with more difficulties in their activities and face with high level of sport anxiety. Athletes who are able to control themselves under pressure and manage their physical anxiety, worry and concentration disruption, tend to evaluate their emotions and express them by considering the situation. But athletes suppress and do not show their emotions, are struggling with more physical anxiety, negative thoughts and difficulties in controlling concentration during training and competitions. As emotion regulation strategies could be learned, educating and training these strategies would prepare youth athletes to manage emotions such as anxiety properly.