The Relation Between Mental-Toughness with Sport Anxiety Factors in Youth Athletes
Poster Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1800-11THCONF
1کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی ورزشی، گروه روان شناسی ورزش، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران
2گروه روان شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد کرج، ایران.
3دکترای تخصصی سنجش و اندازه گیری، دانشکده روان شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.
Introduction: The aim of this research was studying the relation of mental-toughness with sport anxiety factors in youth athletes. As mental preparation plays a key role in athletes' success and mental-toughness and anxiety are those factors that included in mental preparation, it seems necessary to pay attention to their relationship in youth athletes to make successor mental interventions based on them.
Methodology: 212 male and female youth athletes in the range of 13-18 years old were selected by using convenience sampling method from different sports in Tehran province. Athletes who participated were from team sports, such as volleyball, basketball and badminton, and individual sports, such as judo and wushu. Sport mental-toughness questionnaire (SMTQ) and sport anxiety scale (SAS) were used for collecting data. Pearson correlation was used for analysis the correlation between mental-toughness components (confidence, constancy and control) with sport anxiety factors (somatic anxiety, worry and concentration disruption).
Results: Results illustrated that mental-toughness components had negative and significant correlation with sport anxiety factors (P ≤ 0.01).
Discussion: The results of this study show athletes who have high level of mental-toughness, experience low level of sport anxiety in their career. On the other hand, those athletes who have low level of mental-toughness may encounter with more difficulties in their activities and face with high level of sport anxiety. Mentally tough athletes have a high confidence, constancy and are able to control themselves under pressure. These competencies equip them to control physical anxiety, be able to manage worry and negative thoughts, and control concentration during training and competitions. As mental-toughness is a factor that can be learned, by educating and training this competency in youth athletes, they will be able to control their anxiety and prepare themselves for their activities.