The effect of hydrotherapy with and without Jacuzzi on motor function in elderly women with knee osteoarthritis
Poster Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1852-11THCONF
1M A of Boroujerd Azad University
2Associate Professor of Physical Education at Razi University of Kermanshah
Introduction: Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis (joint inflammation), especially among the elderly, which It initially engages the articular cartilage and ultimately it creates a problem for their physical performance.
Methodology: This research was semi-experimental and applied in its purpose which performed in a pretest-post-test randomized-group design. In this study, the number 36 elderly woman patients from Kermanshah after radiography and diagnosis were selected by orthopedic physician. Participants randomly assigned into 3 groups of 12 each, including control, aquatic therapy, and aquatic therapy with Jacuzzi groups. To obtain raw data and measure the improvement of subjects before and after the 8-week period from The WOMAC questionnaire was used. ANOVA with repeated measures, independent t-test, and paired t test were used to statistical analysis with SPSS software version 22.
Results: After the interventions, physical function had significant increases for the aquatic therapy groups without (p=.000) and with Jacuzzi (p=0.000), However there was no significant change for the control group (p=0.724). The results also showed that there is no significant difference between the two methods of water therapy.
Discussion: With increasing age and entering the aging period, in addition to motor problems, the mental problems of individuals are increased and Considering the well-known benefits of water therapy and the characteristics of exercise in water and based on the results of this study, Performing three sessions of aquatic therapy per week for 8 weeks with or without the use of Jacuzzi, have a positive and significant effect on the physical function in the elderly women.