Effect of mindful meditation on the mindfulness state, flow and sport performance
Poster Presentation XML
1sport science research institute
2Assistant professor
Introduction: The optimal performance of athletic depends on at least three types of physical fitness, skills, and mental fitness. The gap between the athlete has been greatly reduced, and it seems that the difference in the performance of the champion is more than ever related to their mental readiness. In this valley, mental skills have been added to their programs to help improve athletes' performance.
Methodology: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of mindful meditation on the mindfulness state, flow and performance in table tennis athletes. Among the male athletes, who were active participated in the table tennis tournament, 30 subjects were selected as sample and randomly divided into experimental and control groups.The mindfulness inventory for sport, flow State Scale and sport performance test were used for collecting the data.The experimental group was subjected to mindfulness training for six weeks, two weekly sessions, and one and a half hours, based on the mindfulness-awareness protocols in classroom space, by the mentor of the mentor's knowledge and supervision of the researcher. During this period, both groups performed their routine exercise. At the end of the last session and also to follow the effect of the training (after three months), the groups again answered the questionnaires. The variance analysis with repeated measurements was used to compare the variables in two groups for three times the measurement.
Results: The results showed that the scores of individuals in globally were significantly improved in the mindfulness' status, flow state and performance in the three stages before, after and follow up in the experimental group. The findings Also showed that in all subscales of mindfulness (awareness, refocusing and non-judgment) and in all subscales of flow (Challenge-skill balance Action-awareness merging, Clear goals, Concentration, Sense control, Unambiguous feedback, Loss self-consciousness,Time transformation, Autotelic experience) at P≤0.05 the changes were significantly improved.
Discussion: It is concluded that as the mindfulness meditation has effect on mindfulness' state, flow state and eventually on sport performance,it can be used beside the other psychological interventions. Additionally as the mindfulness technique is effective on all aspects of life, and the results show that exercises improve the mindfulness state of the individual, so that, this intervention can be used for all those who are somehow associated with athletes (coaches, officials, and Technical staff).