The effect of eight weeks of aerobic and strength training on the anxiety of postmenopausal women
Poster Presentation XML
1دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی ورزش دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تربت حیدریه
2ارایه دهنده
Introduction: Menopause is a permanent menstrual disruption resulting from ovarian follicles interrupting activity. Menopausal psychological problems include anxiety, stress, irritability, anger and depression. On the other side, Physical fitness increases social compatibility and mental health and it reduces the amount of anxiety. Thus the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of eight weeks of aerobic and strength training on postmenopausal women.
Methodology: After the recall for study participation subjects who obtained the scores specified in The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) (TAI) test anxiety inventory) score of 20 to 52, 45 postmenopausal women aged 60-45 years were assigned in a semi-experimental- pretest-posttest with a control group. They were selected through voluntary sampling and randomly divided into three groups: Aerobic training (15 students), Resistance training (15 persons) and Control group (15 people). The aerobic exercise training program included 8 weeks of training and 3 sessions per week.. Strength training was conducted for 8 weeks, three weeks sessions with intensity of 60-85% of 1RM under the supervision of an educator. The number of replicates in each set was considered to be fatigue boundary. Control subjects did not exercise at all during this period of time. At the end of two months of exercise training, questionnaires were again distributed in all three group. The collected data were compared with the results obtained before the exercise programs. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software (version 16) Shapiro-Wilk test and multivariate covariance analysis were applied at the significant level of p≤0.05.
Results: The results of statistical analysis of correlated t–test showed that level of depression in the pre-test and post-test groups was significantly decreased in both training groups (aerobic and resistance) But there was no changes in the control group. Also, one-way ANOVA test showed that there was no significant difference between depression level in postmenopausal women in the three groups before the intervention (P = 0.959, P = 0.024, P = 0.025). However, significant difference is observed in all three groups after the intervention (P = 0.001, 42.6 and 65.63, respectively). .
Discussion: The results of this study showed that eight weeks of aerobic and power training significantly decreased the level of anxiety in postmenopausal women.