The effect of mirrorless exercise on self-efficacy of female karateka
Poster Presentation XML
Amoozeah va parvaresh mantaghe 5 tehran
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of mirror-free practice on self-efficacy of female karate women.
Methodology: The research method was applied and in terms of collecting semi experimental data in a field and experimental design such as pre-test post-test design with control group. The statistical population of the study included women kata karate women aged between 14 and 30, who are practicing in Tehran's martial arts club under the supervision of an international trainer. The statistical sample of this study was 30 (15 controls and 15 exercises) who were selected by random sampling and available random sampling. To measure self-efficacy, the general self-efficacy scale of Sherer et al. (1982) was used. The research method will be to collect athletes from the athletes one week before the exercises in both the experimental and control groups in the training hall. After completing the consent form, we filled out the questionnaire. In order to do exercises that train local athletes in the experimental group, there was no mirror while training local athletes in the control group that had a mirror. For the control group, we also explained that during all 4-week training sessions, they would practice in front of the mirror before and not absent more than one session and receive no feedback. After doing the exercises in the same order as the people first filled in the questionnaires, they did it again and then the test was taken. Each training session lasts 4 sessions per week and 3 sessions (12) sessions per week, each session for 60 minutes without mirror and no coach feedback. To analyze the data, covariance analysis was used to assess intergroup changes.
Results: The results showed that self-efficacy mean for participants in pre-test for control group was 4.97 and in training group was 2.73. While for post-test it was observed (3.15) and (3.75) respectively. The results of covariance analysis show that there is a significant difference between the average adjusted self-efficacy index of the training group in front of the mirror (2.84) and the non-mirror (3.45) athletes.
Discussion: Therefore, the null hypothesis could not be verified. In other words, after the elimination of the pre-test, there was a significant difference in the total self-efficacy index among athletes in the two groups compared to the pre-test; on the other hand, a non-mirror training program significantly increased the self-efficacy of the athletes.