Correlation between lower extremity muscle strength and functional balance in children with spastic cerebral palsy
Poster Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1877-11THCONF
1assistant professor of zanjan university
2Professor of University of Tehran
3استاد دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
4دانشیار دانشگاه تهران
Introduction: Damage to the developing brain of cerebral palsy children, leading to a deficit in the balance and muscle strength, and difficulties in performing activities of daily living and walking which cause falling. Theraprtical exercises to improve balance and control posture in this children have significantly increased in the past decade, and are suggested that more research be done to communicate between balance problems and the other factors are needed. Katz-Leurer et al (2009) showed that strength training on the stairs and changing the standing position improves the balance of people with spastic cerebral palsy but Grancher & Gollhofer (2012) by examining healthy prematuration children concluded that there was no correlation between muscle strength and balance. The aim of this study was to examine the correlation between lower extremity muscle strength and functional balance in children with cerebral palsy.
Methodology: For this purpose, 54 male with cerebral palsy 6 to 12-year-old and gross motor function classification (I-III), were selected. Hand-held dynamometer (HHD) and Pediatric balance scale (PBS) was used to measure isometric strength of the lower extremity and functional balance respectively.
Results: The results showed that no significant correlation between muscle strength of lower limb and functional balance.
Discussion: Strength training is widely used to improve balance in people with cerebral palsy, it seems there are many factors involved in controlling the balance, and the musculoskeletal system and strength are only one part of this complex and these two factors are independent of each other and exercises must be used in complementary manner to improve the performance of daily activities and avoid falling.