Prediction of the skill level of swimmers' solto return based on mental rotation ability and sport experience
Poster Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1879-11THCONF
1Shiraz University
2Majid Chehardahcheric, Assistant Professor of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Shiraz University, Iran
3Gholamhossein Nazemzadegan, Assistant Professor of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Shiraz University, Iran
4عضو هیات علمی دانشکده علوم پزشکی شیراز
Introduction: Space abilities are among the most important perceptual-motor components that are related to the ability to understand and recall spatial relationships among objects. Mental rotation is one of those abilities. Studies on sports success indicate that many factors play an important role in the development of sports, including exercises, training, special ability, age, psychological skills, commitment and enjoyment. Skill is the ability to achieve the desired result with certainty and with minimal energy and time. To identify people who have the ability to acquire skills in a field of sports, the study of relationships between influential variables can be used as a guide to identifying talents. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to predict the skill level of swimmers return based on the ability of mental rotation and exercise history.
Methodology: The research method was descriptive and comparative with one-stage and post-event design. Girl swimmers (from 7 to 12 years old) were members of the Shiraz swim team who trained Salt's skill in the statistical community. The research sample consisted of 60 people who participated in the data entry voluntarily. The instrument used included the form of individual character determination and the mental rotating test of the pen - children's visual wallpaper (with a reliability of 0.75 by Cronbach's alpha). The skill level was determined by scoring three referees. Using the standard regression method and after the application of this statistical method, the data were analyzed.
Results: The results showed that despite the R=0.650 (f (2, 57)=55.71, p<0.001), the 65% share of variance of the level of skill level was explained by two factors of mental rotation and history.