The effect of Dual and Single Task Training on gait traits related to balance in elderly men
Poster Presentation XML
Authors
1Assistant professor at Department of Motor Behavior, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran
2Assistant professor in motor behavior , bojnord university; north khorsan; iran
3Ph.D student in motor behavior , Kharazmi university; Tehran; iran
Abstract
Introduction: Balance is recognized as one of the most important challenges in the aging period. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of dual and single task training on gait traits related to balance in elderly men
Methods: 20 elderly subjects who were available and qualified were selected and randomly divided into two groups of 10, including a walking training group in dual task conditions and a single task group. The dual task group performed a specific cognitive task while walking, and the other group was trained normal walking. Zebris Gait Analyzing System was used for measuring gait traits including cadence, stride length, step width, gait velocity, double support time percentage and variability of velocity in pre and posttests. The groups trained for 8 weeks, 60 minutes, 3 sessions per week.
Results: The results of statistical analysis of repeated measurers ANOVA (2 × 2) showed a significant intra-group effect. More analysis revealed the intra-group effect in dual task group for stride length, double support time percentage, cadence, gait velocity, and variability of velocity (P≤0.05). This effect was not seen on the step width (P> 0.05). Also a significant different was found between groups in the parameters
Conclusion: Walking training in dual cognitive situations can improve some of the gait parameters of related to balance in elderly men.
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