Aerobic exercise and inorganic cations affect on the growth of adult male rat brain
Poster Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1954-11THCONF
1University Tehran
2انستیتو پاستور،
3Associate Professor at Tehran University
Introduction: Growth and evolution is a complex process that begins at the very moment of the sprout formation and continues until death. Growth is defined as the changes made at individual’s activity levels over time. Brain natural growth depends on several hereditary, nutritional and sensory factors. Proper nutrition is the first and most important factor in achieving potential mental ability. A human infant is born with all needed brain cells, but they are not connected. Nutrition plays a key role in making these connections and shaping the brain. Malnutrition, especially that of vitamins and minerals required in a healthy diet, slows down brain growth, as well as splits of the neural blinds and their synapses. Cations are among factors affecting the brain and nervous system; magnesium is one of the four main cations in the body and the second intracellular cation strongly affecting various metabolic processes and accelerating the enzymatic functions.
Methodology: In the present study, to emphasize the role of magnesium in development of the brain and nervous system, the effect of magnesium on quantitative and qualitative enhancement of adult male rats along with physical activity was investigated. The rats were divided into four groups: control, exercise, magnesium and magnesium spore. Magnesium was injected into rats for a week through gavage method. Based on the practice protocol, the rats also worked for one week on the treadmill for 30 minutes a day. To analyze the data, two-groups and multi-groups comparisons were used in the inferential statistic and assumptions evaluation parts, using GraPhpad Prism and SPSS-16 software (P≤0.05).
Results: The results showed that the magnesium group differed significantly with the control and exercise groups (14.3%). In addition, the magnesium-exercise group was significantly different with the control and exercise groups in terms of brain growth (13%), although this was more related to magnesium element.
Discussion: It was revealed that taking a millimol of magnesium for one week greatly affected rats’ qualitative brain growth.