Effects of Aerobic Activities on Sleep Quality and Life Expectancy of Survival Women with Breast Cancer
Poster Presentation XML
Paper ID : 1961-11THCONF
1Human motor development, Kish international College, University of Tehran, Kish island, Iran.
2Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, College of Sport sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
3Radiation Oncologist, Department of Radiation Oncology, Milad Hospital, Isfahan, Iran.
Introduction: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed can‌cer in women worldwide. Diagnose and common treatment such as mastectomy surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy have negative effects on patients’ mental health. Sleep disturbances are one of the common clinical problems in patients with that affect on quality of life and life expectancy severely. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of aerobic activities on sleep Quality and life expectancy of survived women with breast cancer.
Methodology: The present study was quasi experimental with pretest and posttest. Participants were 40 women with breast cancer whom operated mastectomy surgery and were undergoing radiotherapy. They were randomly divided into two groups: experimental group (n=20) and control group (n=20). The Participants of the experimental groups exercised for 5 weeks, 5 days in each week. Time of each session was 20-30 minutes and intensity indexes was 50-70% of HRmax that was measured during exercise by digital pulse oximeter. The exercise was performed in front of mirror and associated with too slow or too fast music. Patients of the control group did not take part in any prescribed activities and they were permitted to do only daily activities. We administered Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Hearth life expectancy test at pre-intervention and post-intervention. To analyze data, independent t test (using SPSS version 16) at P<0/05 was used.
Results: Results showed improvement of sleep quality in experimental group (p<0/001) in subscales including subjective sleep quality (p<0/008), Sleep latency (p<0/001), Sleep disturbance (p<0/001). Use of sleep medication (p<0/015) and Daytime dysfunction (p<0/003) was found to be different between experimental and control group. Yet in subscales such as sleep duration (p<0/374) and Sleep efficiency (p<0/093) no significance difference was found. In addition life expectancy showed improvement in experimental group (p<0/001).
Discussion: According to the findings of our study, it has been demonstrated that aerobic exercise have positive effects on improvement of Sleep Quality and life expectancy in women with breast cancer undergoing radiotherapy post mastectomy. We strongly suggest that aerobic exercise can be used in medical centers to help women with breast cancer operated mastectomy surgery for improving mental health specially Sleep quality and life expectancy.