Study of Impulsivity and Brain - Behavior System (BIS-BAS) in Contact and Non-contact Sports Athletes
Oral Presentation XML
1associated professor
2روانشناس ورزشی
Introduction: In reviewing the personality factors that are effective in impulsive behaviors, it is important to examine the person's neuropsychiatric dimension, which can be the basis of impulsivity and behavior and one of the theories which was related to this dimension, is the Gary-Wilson personality's theory of personality, which is based on human motivation and behavior as a brain-behavioral system. This study was conducted to determine the difference between the brain - behavior system (BIS-BAS) and impulsivity in contact and non-contact sports athletes.
Methodology: 247 professional athletes were volunteers participated in this study. These athletes consisted of two groups: one group: 123 athletes who were participating in Contact athletic exercises and another: 124 athletes who were participating in non-contact athletic sports. All participants were asked to complete a brain - behavior system (BIS-BAS) scale of Carver and White (1994) for assessing personality dimensions which has a BIS scale and three BAS subscales and Impulsivity scale (BIS) of Barratt scale (1994). Data analysis was performed using SPSS ver. 20 and T-test for comparing the variables and MANOVA for comparing the subscales.
Results: Subscales of behavioral activation (sig = 0.047) and Drives (sig = 0.007) of the scale of brain behavior and the disorganization (sig = 0.020) subscales of the impulsivity scale were significantly different between the two groups.
Discussion: According to the findings, we can conclude that in the contact athletes the levels of activating system and impulsivity are higher and personality differences can be used in the individuals in order to address them to the specific sport.